Dr. Brian Frank, our guest speaker on Thursday October 16, 2014, is a member of Lambda Family Circle, an organization that supports GLBT families. He spoke with our Sociology of the Family class as well as Sociology of Deviant Behavior during the fall of 2013 to share the story of his family. He and his partner Steven adopted their son in New York state through the foster care system. His personal story sheds light on the sociological processes surrounding the creation of family in the United States.
In class, we will be watching The Business of Being Born, a documentary that overviews the crisis in the medical establishment in regards to birthing in the United States. Reading comes from the book, Cut it Out: The C-Section Epidemic in America by Theresa Morris, which explores the question: why are c-section rates skyrocketing in the United States?
In class on Tuesday, October 7, we will be covering four articles that discuss research about both marriage and divorce. While the divorce rate in the United States hoovers around 50% for first marriages, it is not a random happening, but based influenced by particular sociological issues. Our discussion will be based on this prezi.com that covers the four articles.
If interested in Stephanie Coontz’s discussion on the history of marriage, see the following video:
The Gottman Institute is a renowned organization that studies and presents on issues of relationship and marriage satisfaction. Their claim is the ability to predict whether a couple will divorce or not, based on laboratory observations of how couples fight and resolve conflict. In addition, while researchers agree that marriages are based on different perspectives (each couple member) and on good and bad aspects of the relationship. For Gottman, he feels that couples need a ration of five positive traits for each negative trait in order to have a happy, healthy, and long lasting marriage.
In this video, John Gottman talks about their research on “the masters” of relationships.
On Thursday, we will have our exam take place in class.
Write a short essay of 250 words or more about a particular sociological aspect of online dating. How is your topic sociologically interesting? This can focus on a particular website and its business model, how much money it makes, how the website works, the ways it controls behavior of participants. You can focus on how certain demographic groups interact online. How demographic groups are targeted by certain websites. How social power is created online. Dating among a particular institution: religion, profession, etc.
You should open with an illustrative story. Then present your argument. Then present your data. Do not include long quotes from the source(s), write in your own words. Include your reflection on the topic. Introduce your link (author, title) and include it in the text or at the bottom, but definitely refer to it specifically. Have a conclusion.
Here is an article “Dating Services in the U.S.: Market Research Report.” In this report we learn that the business makes $2 billion/year, with an annual growth rate of 4.8% and employs 7,649 people, through a total of 3,851 businesses.
In class on Tuesday, we will watch the documentary When Strangers Click.
On Thursday the 25, we will briefly review some points on teen pregnancy.
We will also turn to our next assignment, a blog posting about online dating, focusing on the business aspects of the industry, niche markets, statistics and so on. Please do look for some social science type articles on the topic, which can be academic or websites that are based on research.
This week in class, we will be discussing issues of sexuality and youth. On Blackboard, please find and read the articles, “Avenue to Adulthood,” and “Hooking Up and Dating: A Comparison.” Come to class ready to discuss these articles. Bring your notes and talking points. This Prezi overviews the book Destinies of the Disadvantaged: The Politics of Teen Childbearing, by Frank F. Furstenberg.
Feminist filmmaker Therese Shechter analyzes the social construction of the idea of female virginity in her documentary, How to Lose Your Virginity. This website provides sex education for teens: scarleteen.
Paula England is a preeminent researcher on the hookup culture among college students across the country at 18 public and private universities.
The short documentary below, Slutwalk: A Day in Her Heels, overviews the activism behind the North American Slutwalk movement, which addresses the issue of rape culture. What percentage of women and men will be sexually assaulted before the age of 18? For American women, how many will be sexually abused during their lifetime? See statistics here at WOAR
In class on Thursday, we will watch some video links that further apply the sociological perspective to social issues as well as start to delve into the topics of pop culture.
The Lottery of Birth (2013) overviews some of the sociological concepts that we have been examining:
This movie is from a website called Films for Action, which provides documentaries about social justice issues. The Media Education Foundation creates movies that critique popular culture from a sociological perspective. Browsing their movies will give you some ideas on how to look critically at pop culture, We will watch two clips from the MEF movies: Consuming Kids and Mickey Mouse Monopoly.
Consumer culture is an example of our actions being political and not neutral. Check out some statistics on the use of resources by “developed” nations.
Walt Disney: Corporate Rap Sheet overviews lawsuits based on Disney subsidiaries use of sweatshop labor
Considering our overview of Obedience to Authority and the Lucifer Effect, how do understand our relationship to the inhumane treatment in factories around the world that produce the everyday items that we purchase?
How about our relationship to media images that stereotype based on gender, sexuality, race, (dis)ability, such as the charge that Disney movies produce stereotypical characters written by white man? Images are not neutral, but always comes from a particular social location (the writer, producer) and an engagement with power. One power is the power of producing such images that represent people other than one’s own race and gender; images that will be shown widely, while other non-traditional images are not produced on the same scale. In Mickey Mouse Monopoly, Chyng Feng Sun asks, “The question for me is not whether Disney should or should not appropriate other cultures’ stories, or whether ancient China was less or more oppressive than Disney’s portrayal? The question is, what type of stories get invented, circulated, perpetuated in the public imagination, and why?”
On Tuesday, we will be reviewing the studies conducted by Drs. Zimbardo and Milgram:
The Stanford Prison Experiment, Dr. Zimbardo
Obedience to Authority, Stanley Milgram
Feel free to use parts of this Prezi on Obedience to Authority if it is useful to you.
Each group will review a chapter related to one of these experiments and present it in class on Tuesday. You can post a link to your blog post below in the comments section.
The Structure of Social Groups (definitions)
(Group discussion: Be ready to define/example any of the following terms)
“iron cage” of rationality
the group affects perceptions
the group affects convictions
the group affects health and life
the group affects behavior
Group assignments for next class activities
1: Milgram 1
2: Milgram 6
3: Milgram 11
4: Zimbardo 10
5: Zimbardo 13
6: Zombardo 16
C. Wright Mills wrote The Sociological Imagination in 1959. His book helps us understand the field of sociology–our topic of discussion for Tuesday. We read the article, “The Sociological Perspective,” from the textbook In Conflict and Order: Understanding Society. I have broken the chapter’s main points down into a series of questions, which I would like the students to go over during our class discussion. Each student will be assigned one or two discussion questions. Please answer the question with definitions, several examples, and further discussion questions for the class. Write your summary answer in this blog posting below in the comments section. You can also include any relevant links. Look over the sociological memes that students from last semester created, by clicking here.
1. The author opens with the concept of “ideological traps” running our lives. What does that mean?
2. What does sociology study? Examples at the personal, societal and global levels?
3. Individuals are socially determined.
4. Individuals have agency: they create, sustain, and change the social forms within which they conduct their lives. 3 parts.
5. C. Wright Mills and The Sociological Imagination.
6. Why is sociology frightening? The author provides at least two ideas.
7. What are the types of questions that sociology asks (p. 10)? four types.
8. What are the three problems with the idea of value neutrality when studying social phenomenon?
9. What does Howard Zinn mean by saying, as his documentary movie is titled, You Can’t Be Neutral on a Moving Train?
10. In the section on Sources on Data, the author overviews different ways in which sociologists gather information. Please tell us about survey research.
11. In the section on Sources on Data, the author overviews different ways in which sociologists gather information. Please tell us about variables.
12. In the section on Sources on Data, the author overviews different ways in which sociologists gather information. Please tell us about longitudinal surveys.
13. In the section on Sources on Data, the author overviews different ways in which sociologists gather information. Please tell us about experiments.
14. In the section on Sources on Data, the author overviews different ways in which sociologists gather information. Please tell us about observation.
15. In the section on Sources on Data, the author overviews different ways in which sociologists gather information. Please tell us about existing data.
16. Sociologically speaking, what does class consciousness and class conflict mean?
17. Sociologically speaking, what does false consciousness mean?
On the second day of class, we will watch clips from two documentaries that explore the personal and historical identities of the filmmakers. The first film, Family Name, was created by Macky Alston, as he explores the history of his white family in the south, as former slave owners.
The second movie, Yo Soy Boricua: Pa’que to lo sepas! (I’m Boricua just so you know), is created by Rosie Perez, as she explores her Puerto Rican heritage, both looking at her personal story as well as the history of the land.
After viewing these two examples, please think about your own family history.
Include the following: Your full name, major, year, extra-curricular activities. Have an opening into your story and a sociological theme about your family identity that you follow. Talk about demographics (gender, race, religion, ethnicity, location, class, etc.), institutions (education, government, military, economy, medical, etc.), and social power dynamics (how is power exercised in your family and how do you learn about it), as it relates to your story. List as many as you can, in detail. How does the stories in the documentaries resonate with your own? What is sociologically significant about your family? Mention some statistics related to your family, in order to contextualize it. (Include links, pictures, and videos).
For example, I could open with a story about my parents as they relate to the social institutions of the government and education. My mother entered the United States as a foreign student from Hong Kong; thus, interacting directly with governments (for visas) as well as the educational institution, as she found colleges to attend, in both England and then the United States. Strict governmental rules established that while she may be a on a student visa and attending school in a particular country, she was not allowed to work. Thus, the power of the governmental institution was controlling her options, and impacting her financially (institution of the economy) and exerting a force of power over her life. She later met and married my father, interring into yet another institution, that of marriage, which resulted in another interaction with the government (applying for her immigration papers, now that she was the wife of a U.S. citizen). They were a heterosexually marrying couple; thus, did not face the limitations that gay couples face when dealing with similar immigration issues. That is an example of the demographic category of “sexuality,” in which social power is exerted over our choices depending upon which sexual orientation category we fall into. My mother is Chinese, from Hong Kong, and my father is White, a descendent of farmers in Nebraska. My father was born in 1926, and thus, his childhood was spent during the Great Depression, while he was living on the farms of his grandparents, being impressed with the social issues of farmers losing their farms in large numbers. For example, here is a website entitled Living History Farm, which describes what it was like to be a farmer in Nebraska during this difficult time period. This situation, caused by the economic institution, shaped my father’s personality, behaviors and ideologies for the rest of his life. How has the economic situation of your childhood shaped your personality? Is it as dramatic as it was for my father? My mother was also shaped by ideology (a social structure: belief systems and their transmission): she, like many immigrants, came to the United States and hoped to achieve the American dream. Did you know that the phrase, “the American dream,” originated in the novel The Epic of America, by James Truslow Adams, published in 1931. That demonstrates that a cultural product from popular culture, can influence the ideology of a nation. Demographically, my parents are very different, and this differences stems from social identities often ranked hierarchically in terms of social power. My father is a White, heterosexual, man, older, financially stable as he was in the later stages of his career, and an American citizen. These are his demographic markers. On the other hand, my mother’s demographic markers place her in a socio-political economic position lower on the hierarchy than my father. She is an immigrant, lesser educated than my father (with his Ph.D.; though she has a BA degree, which places her in the ~30% of the population that holds such a degree), Chinese, younger (20 years younger than my father), holding jobs far more unstable and financially lucrative than my father’s, heterosexual, female, with a background in Hong Kong of coming from a wealthy family, along with six other siblings. Because of the hierarchical differences between my parents demographics, especially age, gender, and heterosexuality, it formed their daily behaviors in the house, such as my mother being responsible for the childcare, cooking, and cleaning, and my father not changing diapers, but paying all of the bills, and allowing my mother to keep her own money. Therefore, while I was growing up, I was placed in a context in which it was assumed that there were appropriate divisions of labor based on gender. This is another example of a social ideology being transmitted to us, and then we internalize such ideas into our own behaviors. It seems almost natural. I noticed racial hierarchies acted out in daily life as well, which taught me the lesson as a child that it is better to be White and speak English, over being Chinese and speaking Cantonese. I internalized this message early on, by the age of two I was running around the house saying, “I’m an American, I speak English,” in response to my mother’s half hearted attempts to teach me her first language, Cantonese. Where did I learn these ideas by the age of two? The social demographics, and my parents’ interactions and relationships with various social institutions, shapes the family environment in which I was raised, and established the ideologies I would learn and internalize, as well as the material life that I was provided with, which would contribute to my future possibilities. I am a person shaped by social institutions, how my family has interacted with them, demographic information, and the impact of social power (immigration, gender roles, etc.). This is how sociology teaches me another perspective in understanding how my family history influences the possibilities of my own life, and who I am as a person, and how I identify.
This has been an example of the ways in which you can approach thinking sociologically about your own family histories and how these social factors have made you the person you are today. (846 words).
Please post your own history stories and links in the comment section below.